Hebrews 9 – New Covenant in Yeshua is the fulfillment of the Old Covenant and far, far superior!

Hebrews 9
This chapter is so enlightening! It is very revealing of God and His ways. God is a good Father and knows that people need training, often by using examples, foreshadowing, prophecy, and consistent patterns. And all things in the Bible, His Word, always point to the main focus of the Father, which is the ministry of His Son Jesus, Yeshua who is the Word of God made manifest.
The very Hebrew name of God and Jesus are prophetic! The Hebrew name of God the Father is Yahweh meaning “Lord”. The formal Hebrew name that Mary was instucted to name Jesus is Yehoshua, meaning “the Lord is salvation.” A shortened version (nickname) for Yehoshua is Yeshua (which if translated properly into English should be Joshua.) Do you recall that it was Joshua who was faithful, full of strenth and courage, and brought the people victoriously into the Promised Land?) We see in the name of God (Yahweh), the example, foreshadowing, prophecy, and consistent pattern of Yeshua (Jesus) as the Lord, the Savior, the High Priest, the victorious King, the Son of God, the true Anointed One!

Here is Hebrews 9, we see that the tabernacle/temple of the Old Covenant is also an example, foreshadow, prophecy, and consistent pattern of Yeshua as Lord, Savior, and High Priest. God had shown Moses His Most Holy Place; and Moses was to make the Old Covenant tabernacle on earth as a copy of God’s heavenly tabernacle (verse 23). More on this in the next lesson.
Yehoshua entered this actual, heavenly, Most Holy Place and became the eternal, prophesied, perfect, and true High Priest by offering His own blood for the remission of the sins of man. Christ (meaning the Anointed One) is the mediator of a New Covenat for a promised eternal inheritance to all who believe in Him! The Old Covenant was a matter of religious regulations and methods to help people understand, practice, experience, and apply until the real event of salvation through Yeshua came. It also served to help people think and walk in God’s right ways so that a people could be prepared to produce the Messiah Yeshua.
In the case of a will, it is necessary that one die before the will goes into effect. In death, the life is removed. Leviticus 17: 11-14 tells us that the life is in the blood. And here in Hebrews 9: 22, we read that without the shedding of blood there is no remission of sin. Also, remember that death is the judgment, payment, and consequence of sin (Romans 6:23, Romans 5:12-21, James 1:15, Hebrews 2:14, 1 Corinthians 15: 21 and 56). This is why the foreshadowing in the Old Covenant required the life blood of animals and why Yeshua was required to shed His life blood as the perfect sacrifice for our remission of sin and giving of eternal life in salvation. When Yeshua presented His holy perfect blood to Yehwah in the actual Holy Place as the perfect sacrifice, it was done once and for all time. There was no necessity for Yeshua the Anointed One (Jesus Christ) to suffer over and over again. People die once and after that the judgment. Yeshua died once to take away the sins of many so that He can bring eternal salvation to all who are waiting for Him. This New Covenant is so much more superior to the Old Covenant that it is almost beyond words! All glory and honor to Yeshua the Anointed High Priest and King!

Hebrews 8

Hebrews 8
The main point is that we have a great High Priest seated at the right hand of the majestic God! He sits in God’s real holy tabernacle! This is a heavenly Priesthood for all and forever…who offers His own blood to God as payment for the sin of mankind. This is in a much more excellent tabernacle and a much more superior sacrifice than the foreshadow we had on earth under the Old Covenant Law. Jesus is the Mediator of much more important promises of eternal salvation! If the Old Covenant and sacrifices would have been satisfactory, then there would have been no need for a New Covenant and new High Priest.
Verse 8 quotes Jeremiah 31: 31-34. These Hebrew Christians would have been familiar with this text. These verses remind us that God had promised this new and superior covenant to His people (Israel and Judah). It will not be like the Old Covenant established after He delivered them from Egypt and eventually brought them to the Promised Land. This new covenant will not only be a written word. It will be a covenant imprinted on thier minds, even their innermost thoughts and understanding, and engraved on their hearts. God said that He would be their God and they would be His people…His family! And it will no longer be a matter of knowledge of the Law through training by elders. All of His people from small to great will actually come to know Him by themselves and their experiences with the Lord. He will be gracious and merciful toward their sins and not even remember their deeds of unrighteousness anymore.
When God speaks of a New Covenant agreement, He makes the first one obsolete….it is annulled so that it is dispensed and disappears altogether. Jesus is the final sacrifice and the final and only High Priest.
Now, do you really think it is a good thing to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem and begin animal sacrifices again? That would actually be an insult and abomination to God and to Jesus who gave so much of themsleves to offer the new and final covenant with God! What other lies and propaganda might you have been listening to? I know that in reading these verses, I have had to reconsider some teachings I have heard that claimed to be Christian. We must seek out the mind of Christ and find the actual truth in His Word.
“Thy Word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path.” Psalms 119:105

Hebrews 7

Hebrews 7: 1-28
In Hebrews 5: 1-10 we were introduced to Melchizedek, the king of Salem and appointed priest of the Most High God. Melchizedek means “king of righteousness” and he ruled over Salem (place of peace) as king and priest of righteousness and peace. No one kept record of his generational line, his birthday, or date of death. Yet, he was great and honored! Abraham gave Melchizedek a tenth of his spoils. Melchizedek forshadows Jesus as the true king and high priest of righteousness and peace. Jesus is without beginning or end, and He is priest without predecessor, interruption, or successor. We honor Jesus with tithes and offerings.
We know the old covenant law required people to tithe to the Levitical ancestry of priests. But, the eventual seed of Abraham producing Levi was in the body of Abraham when he tithed to Melchizedek. So, we see that Melchizedek’s priesthood is greater than Levi’s priesthood…because the lesser person always seeks the blessing of the greater by tithes and offerings. Abraham honored Melchizedek.
If a perfect relationship with God could be attainable by the Law and the Levitical priesthood sacrifices, then it would not be necessary to have a Messiah Savior as a new kind of Priest offering a perfect sacrifice under a new perfect covenant. But, the Levitical sacrifice of animals’ blood was not perfect, so God appointed a new order and rank of priesthood like that of Melchizedek, who resembles the Son of God. Jesus was from the tribe and line of Judah (the kingly tribe), not Levi (priests of the old covenant law).
Verse 22 tells us that Jesus is the Guarantee of a better, more excellent, more advantageous, and stronger covenant agreement And Jesus holds His priesthood forever unchageable. Under the Levitical priesthood, when one died, then another had to replace him. But, death does not touch Jesus. He can save and remit sins competely, perfectly, finally and for all eternity! Jesus lives as our King and High Priest forever!
He always lives to make intercession for us! He totally understands as He humbled himself to become human, yet remained holy and unstained by sin. He is now exalted high at the right hand of the Father. Jesus no longer needs to bring daily sacrifices as He met the requirement for all sin by His shed blood, when He brought Himself as the final sacrifice for sin. Jesus is the only begotton Son of God who was appointed and made the perfect King and High Priest of righteousness and peace! He is Lord over all those who come to God through Him. Thank You for revealing more of Yourself in this chapter. Thank You Lord for the new and perfect covenant of righteousness in Jesus Christ and peace with God!

Hebrews 6: 9-20

Hebrews 6: 9-20
Just as the author of Hebrews spoke to his audience in these verses, I also believe you are those who love Father, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit and hold fast to your salvation and the things accompanying it. You have a right heart of true love towards God. A tree is known by its fruit and He sees that His love in your heart is producing good efforts towards others.
Verse 11 gives strong encouragement to continue in this faith and service until the very end. Keep growing. Do not grow disinterested or spiritually lazy. Rather stay strong in faith by leaning entirely on God in Jesus for absolute trust and confidence in Him…His power, wisdom, goodness, and love. Practice patient endurance and learn to wait when inheriting His promises.
Take Abraham for an example. Abraham waited long and endured to realize and obtain the promise of Isaac, according to God’s promise. God knew Abraham would not be able to totally keep the covenant he made with God, so God made the fulfillment of that covenant dependent only on God by His promise and oath. It is impossible for God to lie or deceive.
Likewise, God has made a new covenant with Jesus followers. And we even have so much more in God’s promise of the Messiah Savior and the covenant’s fulfillment in Jesus. So, we can be sure to know and find refuge, indwelling strength, strong encouragment, and assured hope in our covenant of salvation in Jesus. This hope can anchor our soul. God’s promise through Jesus reaches the very presence and heart of God…and is by His faithful Word of promise and covenant oath. Jesus entered into and completed the covenant for us and is our High Priest and King forever. It cannot slip away by circumstances. It cannot be broken down by someone else’s trampling.
In Romans 8, we see the same consistent message to those who belong to God and are in His family through the salvation covenant of Jesus.
Romans 8: 31- 39, “What, then, shall we say in response to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us? He who did not spare his own Son, but gave him up for us all—how will he not also, along with him, graciously give us all things? Who will bring any charge against those whom God has chosen? It is God who justifies. Who then is the one who condemns? No one. Christ Jesus who died—more than that, who was raised to life—is at the right hand of God and is also interceding for us. Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall trouble or hardship or persecution or famine or nakedness or danger or sword? As it is written: “For your sake we face death all day long; we are considered as sheep to be slaughtered.” No, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him who loved us. For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angels nor demons, neither the present nor the future, nor any powers, neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord.”
God is totally faithful to His completed covenant in Jesus according to His Word. Have no doubts. We have a sure foundation when in relationship with Him. Jesus is our promised Savior, High Priest, and King!

Hebrews 6: 3-8

Hebrews 6: 3 – 8
In a previous lesson, we listed the elementary foundations of our foundational faith in Jesus. We are now moving on to advanced teaching. It begins with a very serious warning in verses 4-8. When you move on to advanced and enlightened teaching of truth in Jesus, and experience the heavenly gift of salvation through intimate relationship with Jesus, and become sharers in the Holy Spirit, and have experienced the mighty powers of the age to come, then the choice to depart from faithful allegiance to God is very serious!
If you, in your heart, after truly knowing Him uin advanced truth, turn away from your faithful allegiance to God, it is total mutiny and making alliance with satan. From this place of intimately knowing and loving God into regarding Him with contempt and disgrace, there will be no repentance. You have hardened your heart towards God. This is not just simplistic disobedience or falling away due to deception. The mutinous person knows deep truth and yet has conciously and deliberately chosen evil, being fully aware of his/her choice. And that person will reap the consequences of his/her choice. A person cannot continue to receive God’s favor and blessings and at the same time continually dishonor God and work against Him. God is just.
No person is perfect because all sin. But, when a babe in Christ, with a heart to please God, is rebellious or sins, yet is also willing to repent and try to grow in righteousness, God gives mercy and forgiveness. This is totally different than someone who has experienced a spiritually mature love relationship with God, someone who really knows Father, Jesus and the Holy Spirit, someone who has deep spiritual insight, and yet in complete knowing turns on God in mutiny and rebellion. For this kind of rebellion, there will be no repentance and returning to God….thier heart is now hardened and set against God.
So, we must be solid and faithful in our foundational elementary convictions and relationship with Father, Son Jesus, and the Holy Spirit as we move into deeper spiritual things! Knowing God more intimately brings wisdom and superabundant, wondrous reward, but it also carries great responsibility and requires consistent reverence, respect, and honor for who God is. He is to be our first love. We are to be the faithful bride of Christ and not be adulterous.
Are you ready to know Father, Son Jesus, and Holy Spirit on a more advanced level? Do you want to become spiritually mature? Do you want to experience the mighty spiritual power of God? Then, you better be sure of your complete loyal faithful alliegiance as in “no matter what”, and “even unto death” with absolute hope in entering into the eternal kingdom of God. Have you vowed to totally love and serve Him with thanksgiving forever!
The justified will live by their love and faith in God continuously and forever. Getting to know God more is the highest reward, but intimacy requires faithfulness. It also requires focus and effort and growing time. Also know that God loves you and will not bring you into a spiritually advanced level until you are ready to be responsible for it. So, do not try to “jump into” spiritual things for yourself, ahead of Him! Be sure you are following the Holy Spirit and not another deceiving spirit. It begins by knowing God’s written Word of truth in the Bible. You must be equipped with His Word if you ever hope to spiritually mature and be enabled to avert deception and temptations. Are you growing in the Lord or are you still a babe in Christ?

Back to Hebrews 4 to answer a question…

Some have this question concerning Hebrews 4 – How do I enter into God’s rest….especially in such a crazy world full of troubles? I don’t know what to think or who to believe. The world is in chaos. I find myself worrying and paniced about what might happen…even fearful. It can even drive me to hopelessness and depression. How can I find peace and rest in the face of real trouble?
There are multiple ways that God offers us to enter into His rest. The primary break down is in two areas. First, entering His rest while in this life and second, entering His rest in our eternal kingdom, His final Promised Land. Most of us understand the final rest from our labors in a place of love and peace forever in His coming kingdom. This is foreshadowed in God resting on the final seventh day of creation.
But, how does God offer rest now while we walk around in this wordly wilderness? Notice the similarities when God gave His Word of instructions to the Israelites to go in and possess the Promised Land, but they refused due to fear, and then complained to God and Moses about how bad things were. They were not willing to totally trust God. They were unwilling to fight and work together with God for the victory over evil in the land. So, they refused to enter His rest and instead wandered in the wilderness. They chose their destination. God did not forsake His people. He still led them by the fire at night and the cloud by day. He still spoke with Moses concerning how to lead them. He still fed them with manna from heaven. But, their disobedience cost them a lifetime of wandering until they died. They would not enter His rest through obedience, and instead became hard hearted and stubborn.
In just the same way, if we refuse to follow His instructions in His Word, we will also wander around in the world and not enter His rest. We must hear and obey – no matter what! It may mean facing a battle or working hard, but we must pursue and be convicted to work together with Him in His way and according to His Word. He will then make us able to enter His rest even while we work and battle!
Remember Philippians 4: 4-7? Always rejoice in the Lord. The Lord is at hand! Be anxious for nothing. Pray with thanksgiving and let Him know your requests. God’s peace, His tranquil state of a soul assured of salvation through Christ, that resting in Jesus, with faith and trust in God, that fears nothing from God but blessings…that rest and peace can be content with its earthly lot of whatever sort it is. That peace and rest transcends all worldly understanding. That peace and rest will garrison and mount guard over your heart and mind in Christ Jesus! Your heart will not faint and your thoughts will not be scattered….but rather focused on Jesus.
Can I find that kind of rest even in big troubles? James 1: 2-8….Count it all joy when you fall into various trials, knowing the testing of your faith produces patience…which will do its perfect work to make you complete. It drives your faith and trust in God even deeper. If you lack wisdom, ask God and He will instruct you….keep asking, keep seeking, keep knocking on His door and He will give an answer and make a way for you to work together with Him! But do not doubt Him, do not retreat or lose faith or be double minded….focus on Father, Son Jesus and Holy Spirit. Doubting is like a wave of the sea that gets tossed about by the winds of the world and is very unstable, even fearful. How can you receive anything from God that way. The righteous person lives by faith in God. Jesus told us that in this world we would have trouble, but rejoice because He has overcome the world and He is with us always! This is not talking about worldly riches, but rather about spiritual riches in Christ! These riches are real…. love, hope, peace, joy, rest, and faith in Someone who is faithful!
Remember when we are told about Peter walking towards Jesus on the water in Matthew 14? Peter obeyed Jesus command to “come” and he did the impossible. Peter walked on water. But, when he looked at the violent waves instead of focusing on Jesus, Peter began to sink. He was smart enough to call out to Jesus for help and was saved. In the end, Jesus stilled the storm.
We can enter God’s place of rest and peace by focusing on and putting faith in God and His Word. We are to live by our faith and trust in God!
If you read the Psalms, you will see that King David also knew how to enter the rest of God, even in the midst of troubles. Many of the Psalms begin with David’s concern and request and end with faith and thanksgiving to God! David was a man after God’s own heart. David knew God and God knew David.
We too can enter the rest and peace and joy of God, even in the middle of troubles and a cracy world! Know God’s words (as He has made available in the Bible) and be sure to continually love Him and desire to know Him and His ways of righteousness more. You will come to recognize and know His voice and His ways. Then, just follow Him as totally obedient as you know to do. Keep your focus on Him, His might, His power, His love for you, and His promises. Walk through all of life with faith and trust in Father, Son Jesus, and the Holy Spirit. They will never fail you.
Even death will not be able to separate you from them, but rather just be the path to entering into Their presence. To be absent from the body is to be present with the Lord….death can kill the body, but not the spirit, the real person. Almighty God is for us, who can ever be against us and win. Now, that sould give ultimate peace and rest in every situation! Thanks be to God! His love and grace is sufficient for me, even in my weakness!

Hebrews 5:11 – 6:3

Hebrews 5: 11 – 6:3
There is much to know about Father, Son Jesus, and the Holy Spirit that is not easy to explain or understand. It is even more difficult if you are dull in spiritual hearing and insight, as well as sluggish in your pursuit of God and righteousness. We all begin as babes easily drinking the milk fed to them. But, we are supposed to grow up and feed ourselves solid food which requires effort. If you are still drinking milk fed to you by others, then you are obviously inexperienced and unskilled in conforming to God’s will in thought, purpose, and action…. the doctrine of righteousness….right thinking and right doing. As an infant, you are not even able to talk right yet! But by now, they should have been able to teach others!
Solid food is for those who are grown up. Their thoughts and senses have been instructed and trained by practice to discriminate between what is good and what is evil….to be discerning.
We are encouraged to advance steadily from the elementary teachings toward completeness in spiritual maturity. But, we need to be sure we are standing on a firm foundation. So, what are the elementary foundational teachings we need to be established in first? This is not about dead formalism in keeping religious laws, but rather about faith.

  1. The foundation of repentance for our sin and receiving of forgiveness through Jesus, initially as we humble ourselves before Him and continually as we learn and practice righteousness.
  2. The abandonment of dead works and even dead religious formalism, laws, or methodologies….so that we now have a new and living faith.
  3. The consistent faithful practice of walking in a love and trust relationship with Father, Son Jesus, and the Holy Spirit.
  4. A passionate pursuit towards becoming pure and sanctified by the Holy Spirit….to become more and more like Him.
  5. The loving laying on of hands for one another in encouragement and blessings.
  6. Our certain and sure foundation of the resurrection of Jesus from the dead to give us hope and eternal life.
  7. The fact of eternal judgment and consequential punishment of those who refuse to accept God’s salvation and New Covenant through Yehsua Jesus, His Son.
    If these Hebrew Christians had really understood the Old Testament prophesies and teaching as the Word of God, and had really known God; then, they would have understood these elementary doctrines long ago.
    What does this say to you today? Do you understand these elementary things so that you are standing on a firm foundation? Or are you like these Hebrews who only knew about religious laws, services, and methods? Are you really ready to proceed to more advanced teaching and understanding? Are you solid on these doctrines? Do you have a personal, real, and active living relationship with the Father, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit? Is your heart and mind fully convicted in knowing these elementary doctrines are most certainly true? Do you truly believe and have unshakable faith in Jesus as your personal Savior and Lord, plus He is offering a close intimate loving relationship with you? Do you trust Jesus enough to follow Him wholeheartedly? Are you ready to move into deeper spiritual insights?

Hebrews 5: 1-10

Hebrews 5: 1-10
Moving into these next chapters of Hebrews, we need to remember that this was written to Jewish Christians. They were well acquainted with the Old Covenant Law with God that came through Moses. They were well aware of the Old Testament prophets and promises of a Messiah. Now, they need to understand how Jesus is the Messiah and the High Priest of the New Covenant. We also should understand.
In the Old Covenant, the High Priest offered gifts and sacrifices for sins using the life blood of animals. He could be compassionate towards the people because he was also a sinner. Every High Priest was called by God through the generational line of Levi, just as Aaron, the first High Priest. Jesus was also called and appointed by God as the great High Priest of the New Covenant. Jesus was human as well as God, so He was also compassionate towards those who would follow Him, yet without sin in Himself.
Jesus was a High Priest of the New Covenant, the same as Melchizedek. He was not like a High Priest of the Old Covenant in being after the generational line of the Levitical priesthood. Jesus was born from the line of Judah. Melchizedek was the king of Salem (Jerusalem which means peace) way before Moses initiated the Law and the Old Covenant with its Levitical priesthood. Melchizedek means “my King is Righteousness”. So, Melchizedek ruled over a peaceful city as a righteous king and high priest….a theocracy. And Abraham brought him tithes to honor him.
Jesus, who also is not a decendant of the Livitical line, is our forever King AND High Priest of God’s New Covenant over all of His holy city of Jerusalem, the city of peace. No opinion can change this truth. One day, all people will see Yeshua (Jesus) as King and High Priest at the right hand of His Father ruling in the new, holy, peaceful city of Jerusalem for eternity! Yeshua (Jesus) is our loving, faithful, High Preist and King of Righteousness over the whole household of God, in the totally peaceful and holy city of Jerusalem (Shalom). The Father (Yahweh), the Son (Yeshua), and the Holy Spirit are now restored in love with their created sons and daughters as a forever family in a place of great peace and unity.

Hebrews 4

Hebrews 4 has a “tough love” message and warning for us! It begins with “therefore” so we need to remember what came before. In chapter 3, we were reminded that the Israelites did not believe and trust God and so were not obedient in going into the Promised Land as He commanded. Instead they complained and stayed in self-pity, and thought to turn on Moses. Therefore, they wandered in the wilderness for 40 years and died. They did not enter God’s rest because they did not have faith and trust in God and therefore follow His instructions. Therefore, we also should not be found short in our faith and trust in God resulting in not following Him and His instructions! Examine yourslef. Are you trusting God or in fear? Are you in self-pity? Are you complaining or expressing gratitude towards Him? Are you obedient to God’s Word? If not trusting and following God in word and action, how can you expect to enter His rest and blessings? If we do keep strong faith, conviction, and trust in Him so that we obey Him, we still have His promise of entering His rest!

God’s rest is not only being able to rest and have peace in Him in this life, but also eternal rest from our worldly labors. God established this pattern when He rested on the 7th day after creation. We must keep this sure blessed hope, of eternal rest with Him, forward in our thinking if we are going to remain faithful to Him. Eternal salvation is great encouragement and reward! Staying in His rest takes effort, focus, consistency, and continues over all time.

Faith relationshp is a matter of heart and mind with corresponding actions! God knows and sees everything about us, including our thoughts and attitudes of our heart. God’s Word is alive and active so that it can judge and cut between fleshly soul and sactified spirit. If our heart is right towards God, His Word will cut away what is not good and divide it from what is good in Him, in order to preserve and sanctify us (set us apart from evil and the fleshly world through instruction and training).

Therefore, hold firmly in faith,to our great high priest, Jesus! He is our promise for the final Promised Land. Jesus can empathize with our weaknesses as He was also human and faced temptation and tribulation, yet without sin. Because He has paid the penalty of our sin with His own blood, as the High Priest pays for sins by the blood of the Lamb, we now can approach the very throne of God, by His own grace and mercy. He is ready to help us in our times of need. Even now we can enter into His rest if we continue to hear and follow Jesus, even through hard troubles and temptations! Therefore keep your faith relatlonship with Jesus strong and primary.

Hebrews 3

Remember that this message is being directed to the Jews, the descendents of Abraham concerning their promised Messiah, their true High Priest. The Hebrew people considered Moses to be the greatest leader of all. So, the message is given that Jesus is much greater than Moses! This is compared to the builder of the house being greater than the house. Moses was faithful as a servant of God over the people of the Hebrew household. But, Jesus is faithful as the Son of God over all of God’s house and anyone who holds firmly with confidence, faith, and hope in Him.
Psalm 95: 7-11 is used to remind them to listen to God and hold fast to their conviction, faith in, trust in, and devotion to Jesus until the very end and never hearden their hearts towards Him. They are reminded of how their ancesters hardened their hearts towards God and went astray resulting in 40 years of wandering in the wilderness. These people who rebelled against God were the very same people who saw all the miracles of their deliverance from Egypt! They would not believe God or obey Him and follow Him, so they could not enter into His rest. Let’s not make the same mistake offered by sin’s deceitfulness. We must stand in strong conviction and operational faith and trust in Jesus unto the end! And these new Christians of Jewish ancestry had to hear this message because they were being persecuted heavily even unto death! To embrace the salvation of Jesus as their Messiah, they could not harden their hearts and go back to Judaism! Chapter 4 goes on to encourage them and give them great hope and confidence in Jesus!